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Cane Corso Puppy

Cane Corso Puppy[a] is an Italian breed of mastiff. It is usually kept as a companion dog or guard dog; it may also be used to protect livestock. In the past it was used for hunting large game, and also to herd cattle.

History[edit]

Cane Corso Puppy, According to the breed standard of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, the Cane Corso was once distributed throughout much of the Italian peninsula, but in the recent past was found only in Puglia, in southern Italy.[1][2] After the collapse of the mezzadria system of share-cropping in the 1960s, the dogs became rare. The modern breed derives from selective breeding from about 1980 of a few surviving animals.[3] A breed society, the Società Amatori Cane Corso, was formed in 1983.[4]: 107 [5] The breed was recognised by the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana in 1994;[3] it was provisionally accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1996, and received full acceptance in 2007.[6] It was recognised by the American Kennel Club of the United States in 2010.[7]

In the period 2011–2019 annual registrations in Italy were in the range of 3000–4250.[8]

Characteristics[edit]

Cane Corso Puppy, The Cane Corso is a large dog of molossoid type, and is closely related to the Neapolitan Mastiff. It is well muscled[7] and less bulky than most other mastiff breeds. According to the international standard, dogs should stand some 62–70 cm at the withers and weigh 45–50 kg; females are about 4 cm smaller, and weigh some 5 kg less.[1]

The head is large, slightly over one third of the height at the withers in length, with a well-defined stop. The top of the cranium is flat and slightly convergent to the muzzle. The eyes are oval in shape, and set well apart. The iris of the eye should be as dark as possible.[2]

The coat is short, dense and lustrous. It may be black, various shades of grey (lead-grey, light grey or slate-grey) or fawn (dark fawn, light fawn, or stag red), or dark wheaten (‘fromentino‘); it may be brindled. Minor white markings on the chest, the feet or the nose are tolerated.[1][2]

In 2017 a study of 232 Cane Corso dogs from 25 countries found an average life span of 9.3 years, varying with different coat colours. The longest-lived were black brindle dogs (10.3 years) followed by brindle dogs (10.1 years), grey brindle dogs (9.8 years), fawn dogs (9.0 years), black dogs (9.0 years), grey dogs (9.0 years) and dogs of other colours (8.1 years).[9]

Use[edit]

Cane Corso Puppy, The Cane Corso is usually kept as a companion dog or guard dog; it may also be used to protect livestock. In the past it was used for hunting large game, and also to herd cattle.[8]

It is subject to a working trial: in order to qualify for registration, dogs must show tranquility in the presence of inoffensive strangers, indifference to gunfire, and aggressive defence of the owner against an attacker.[1]: 2 [10]

  • Brown/brindle coat

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Italian: [ˈkaːne ˈkɔrso], plural: Cani Corsi

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b c d e f FCI-Standard N° 343: Cane Corso Italiano (Italian Cane Corso). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived 13 August 2021.
  2. Jump up to:a b c Cane Corso (in Italian). Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana. Accessed August 2021.
  3. Jump up to:a b S.P. Marelli, A. Monaghé, M. Polli, L. Guidobono Cavalchini (2003). Body measurements and morphological evaluation of Italian Cane CorsoItalian Journal of Animal Science 2 (supplement): 88–90. doi:10.4081/ijas.2003.11675924. (subscription required).
  4. ^ Rino Falappi (2009). Cani: Conoscere, riconoscere e allevare tutte le razze canine più note del mondo (in Italian). Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini. ISBN 9788841854068.
  5. ^ Cane corso italiano (in Italian). Società Amatori Cane Corso. Archived 21 May 2021.
  6. ^ FCI breeds nomenclature: Cane Corso Italiano (343). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived 5 July 2020.
  7. Jump up to:a b Get to Know the Cane Corso. The American Kennel Club. Archived 19 May 2015.
  8. Jump up to:a b Cane Corso (in Italian). Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana. Accessed August 2021.
  9. ^ Evžen Korec (2017). Longevity of Cane Corso Italiano dog breed and its relationship with hair colourOpen Veterinary Journal7 (2): 170–173. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.15.
  10. ^ CAL (Certificato di attitudine al lavoro) (in Italian). Società Amatori Cane Corso. Archived 23 August 2021.
hidevteDog breeds of Italy
HoundsCirneco dell’EtnaItalian GreyhoundLevriero SardoSegugio dell’AppenninoSegugio ItalianoSegugio Maremmano
GundogsBracco ItalianoLagotto RomagnoloSpinone Italiano
Pastoral dogsBergamasco ShepherdCane di OropaCane Lupino del GiganteCane ParatoreMaremmano-Abruzzese SheepdogPastore della Lessinia e del LagoraiPastore Fonnese
MastiffsCane CorsoDogo SardescoNeapolitan Mastiff
MiscellaneousBologneseLupo ItalianoMalteseVolpino Italiano
hidevteMastiffs
Extant breedsAlano EspañolAlapaha Blue Blood BulldogAmerican BulldogBoerboelBoxerBroholmerBulldogBullmastiffBully KuttaCampeiro BulldogCane CorsoCão Fila de São MiguelChongqing dogCimarrón UruguayoContinental BulldogDogo ArgentinoDogo GuatmaltecoDogue BrasileiroDogue de BordeauxEnglish MastiffFila BrasileiroFrench BulldogGreat DaneKurdish MastiffNeapolitan MastiffOlde English BulldoggePerro de Presa CanarioPerro de Presa MallorquinRottweilerSaint Louis Vincent MastiffSerrano BulldogTosa
Extinct breedsAlauntBullenbeisserCordoba fighting dogDogo CubanoFila da TerceiraMolossusOld English BulldogToy Bulldog
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